From: "Allen D. McCrady"
<email@example.com> To: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Subject: Hough Family Date: Fri, 8 Oct 2004 -0600
Dear Mr. Hart, I am Allen
D. McCrady, now of Idaho Falls, ID. I was brought up near Pittsburgh, and I am a descendant of Peter Marmie. Peter was
one of the original owners of the Alliance Furnace, first iron works west of
the Alleghenies. It was located on both sides of Jacob's Creek (Fayette
and WestmorelandCounties), being built starting in 1788. I have been doing research in this
area, and noted your pages on the Hough family. I have a few questions
1. I quote from "OUR
FOLK": "Jacob Hough-was born about 1747and died about 1812 in
Jacob's Creek" Further down the page, citing his (Jacob's)
will "proved !9 March 1803". Further
down, his sons and executors filed their account in 1806, three years later. I
respectfully submit that, according to the internal evidence, the latest
possible death date for Jacob would have been in early 1803. A will in Pennsylvania cannot be”
proved" until the body is cold. That the boys took three years
to wind up their father's estate is within reason. I quote: "Jacob-
settled in South Huntingdon Township,
Westmoreland Co., on the watershed...". From the will abstract, " Jacob Hough of East
Huntingdon Twp.". Is it possible your source is confusing Jacob
and Jacob Jr. ? Or did Jacob Sr. move from South to East Huntingdon?
2. According to the
"warrantee maps" of WestmorelandCounty, the earliest deeds along Jacob's Creek were warranted by Pennsylvaniastarting
in 1784. You cite a prior owner, one Main, for Jacob's
property and state the purchase date as 1782. Where is the Main to Hough deed recorded? Have you checked this information personally?
This area was claimed by both Virginia and Pennsylvania until 1789, and it is possible that this deed is lying somewhere in a Virginia courthouse. Something
3. Have you a source for the
inference that the Creek was named for Jacob Hough? He seems a late comer
according to your chronology.
Rachel Gardner, daughter of
William Gardner, sister of William Gardner and cousin of William Gardner (yes,
there apparently were three of them) all of RostraverTownship, Westmoreland married Peter Marmie. At least one of the Gardners was in the Militia with your Hough and apparently
escaped the fire also. So if you have Hough blood, your grand soldiered with my
grand or uncle. The Gardners, the Teals (neighbor and militia mate),and a
few other local families, had ties in Baltimore before coming to W. Pa. So if you are looking for Jacob's trail, he might have stopped off
there on his way from overseas to Westmoreland. Incidentally, one of the
tenants of John Gerhart a/k/a Gierhart, from whom the owners of the Alliance
Furnace bought the land to build the works, was one Philip Weigal/Weigle. This
man could have been Catherine Wygle's father. Catherine married Paul Hough
according to your protocol. I would be happy to further discuss this time and
place in Pennsylvania. Allen D. McCrady
Much of the information comes from this source at Ancestry.com:
If you can pinpoint more details, let me know and I will update
My Family Ties
Entries: 16663Updated: 2004-10-09
Simcox Home Page: My
This is an ongoing project, not all is documented and/or sourced,
feel free to email me if any questions. I also have am interested in any old
photos you can share. NOTE* I also have my own gift basket business on the
internet too. Check out www.jamiesgiftbaskets.com, for your all your gift
ID: I00181 Name: JACOB HOUGH Sex: M Birth: BET 1742 AND 1747 in
PENNSYLVANIA Death: 28 MAR 1803 in WESTMORELAND COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA Military
Service: 10 SEP 1778 THIRD PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT COMMANDED BY COLONEL THOMAS
CRAIG Military Service: PRIVATE IN "CAPTAIN ROSS" COMPANY PROP: BOUGHT LAND
FROM JOHN MAIN APRIL 28, 1783 IN HUNTINGTON TOWNSHIP, WESTMORELAND COUNTY,
PENNSYLVANIA Burial: ZION LUTHERAN & REFORMED CHURCH CEMETERY Will: 19 MAR
1803 WESTMORELAND COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA Probate: 26 OCT 1806 WESTMORELAND
COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA Note:
NOTE* HOAF WHISKEY REBELS: IN THE WINTER OF 1790-91, ALEXANDER
HAMILTON PROPOSED A TAX ON WHISKEY, WHICH WOULD PAY OFF THE FEDERAL DEBT
INCURRED DURING THE REVOLUTION. SOUTHERNERS, EASTERNERS AND OTHER USERS WERE
ENDANGERED BY THE PROPOSAL, WHICH WAS PASSED IN DUE COURSE. NOWHERE, HOWEVER,
WERE PEOPLE SO UPSET AS THEY WERE AON THE ALLEGHENY AND
MONONGAHELARIVERS; WHERE THE WHISKEY WAS DISTILLED. THERE, WHISKEY WAS THE MEDIUM OF
EXCHANGE. A HUNDRED GALLON STILL EQUATED TO A LARGE FARM. EVERYONE DISTILLED
WHO COULD. COMMUNITIES BONDED TOGETHER TO DISTILL. EVERYONE ALSO DRANK THE
PRODUCT, BOTH FLAVORED WITH HERBS OR RAW. IT WAS EASILY TRANSPORTED AND
EXCHANGED FOR SALT AND NAILS, THE MAIN ITEMS NEEDED FROM THE EAST. AMONG THOSE
WHO HELPED DEVELOP THE DISTILLING INDUSTRY WAS JACOB HOFE, SOMETIMES RECORDED
AS HUFE, BUT WHO EVENTUALLY DIED AS JACOB HOUGH, PRONOUNCED AS "HOAF". HE HAD
AREAS WITH GERMAN FAMILIES FROM
CIRCA 1765. BY THE 1790'S, HE AND HIS GROWN SONS WERE ESTABLISHED DISTILLERS ON
JACOB'S CREEK IN WHAT IS
NOW WESTMORELAND COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.
BY THE SUMMER OF 1794, HIS CLAN AND ALL THE OTHER DISTILLERS WERE READY TO
FIGHT. AND FIGHT THEY DID, ORGANIZING COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE AND CALLING
OUT THE LOCAL MILITIA. THEY OCCUPIED
AUGUST 1, 1794;
BURNING A BARN, EATING THE LOOSE CHICKENS AND APPROPRIATING ALL THE AVAILABLE
NOTE* ANOTHER DEATH DATE HAS BEEN DOCUMENTED BUT NOT
NOTE* Jacob Hough was in Revolutionary War, Capt. Ezekiel Roos
Co. Westmoreland Co. Militia under Col. William Crawford on
expedition. (See page 399,Pa Archives, 6th Series, Volume Two). In the same
company there was Absaion Hough and Mathias Hough. The British kept inciting
and leading the Indians on scalping and burning attacks against the settlers of
and Western Pa. Col. William Crawford and his Volunteers left
in May 1782, and landed at Mingo Bottom, just below
Ohio, May 24th. The 18 companies chose their own captains
and started march the next day. On June 4th they arrived at the spot where
had stood. The expedition was not only disastrous to the Indians, but Col.
Crawford was captured and burned. Many of his men were also captured and
hideously tortured. Jacob Hough was on the roll of the shattered 3rd.Pa.
Regiment commanded by Col. Thomas Craig. At
the regiment was recruited and joined with other units under General Wayne.
The Hough family, of which Jacob Hough was a member , left Bucks
Co. Pa. and settled either in Md or Loudoun Co.,
on the opposite side of
from Frederick Co. Md. Jacob was in contact with Smiths in and around
Philadelphia, in Frederick Co. Md. and in Bedford Co. Pa. He married Charlotte
Smith (daughter of Christian Smith) about 1767 and in 1772, a Jacob and
Christian Crabs bought a plantation from James Smith in Bedford Co. Pa. for 178
pounds. About1779 Jacob and Charlotte Smith , with their family, are said by
good authority to have left Frederick Co. Md. and just as good authority says
the family migrated from Bucks Co
All agree they settled in South Huntington Twp. Westmoreland Co.
Pa on the watershed of a stream that bears his name (Jacob's Creek, formerly
known as Salt Creek).
They are reputed to be the first Hough Family settling west of
Allegheny Mts. They came over the Mts in wagons with stock. Following mostly
the road made my Braddock's Army in 1755, leaving it at or near where Jacob's
Cabin was on the south side of Jacob's Creek, at a big bend in Jacob's Creek a
mile or so up stream from the present site of Scottdale. Chief Jacobs of the
Delaware Indians once lived there.
Jacob Hough (on
his deed for 140 acres in South Huntington Twp. Westmoreland Co. Pa. bought
from John Main bounded by lands of Zachariah Brion, Samuel calloway, and George
NOTE* 1800 CENSUS OF
County: Westmoreland Co.
Page #: 123
Census/Enumeration year: 1800
Age ranges in household: 00001-0110100
WillAbstractsWestmorelandCounty, Will Book 1
Jacob Hough of East Huntington Twp.
"Sick and weak", Wife,,Sharlota, Sons:
Paul.Witnesses: Nicholas Swope and David
(X) Weaver. Will dated -- --- ----;
19 Mar 1803.
with his mark. (page 176)
OrphansCourtAbstractsWestmorelandCounty, Docket A
22 Sept 1806,Jacob
Hough and Paul Hough, exectors of the estate of Jacob
Hough dec'd exhibited their account.
$962,91.Disbursments,including $30 as
allowance to the executors for their
trouble and expense, are $307.41.
Balance after deducting $1.75 ( cost of
entry,Copy, and Certificate) is
$653,75 to be distributed to the will of
the deceased. (page 202)
NOTE* EMAIL FROM MAX HUFF:
JACOB AND CHARLOTTE HOUGH OF MD AND PA
Jacob HOUGH (or HOFE) (c 1742/45 prob. Frederick Co, MD - 1806
Westmoreland Co, PA) on or about 1767 in Md Charlotte SMITH (1747 MD - 1826
Westmoreland Co, PA) poss. dau of George and Christina ( ) SMITH. They started
their family in MD, but soon joined with others about 1774 from the
county area in moving to Bedford Co, Pa, then on the frontier. Between 1779 and
1782, Jacob may have left the frontier area for a few years. Jacob was last
taxed in Bedford Co in 1786.
When Jacob returned, or became able to do so, he settled with his
twp of Westmoreland Co, PA, and his land was later in
twp when that twp was formed in 1790. Jacob was on the frontier for about
twenty years, and he served in several military operations. The following seem
to be verifiable:
a. Member, 3rd PA Regiment, recruited at
PA, under General Wayne.
b. Ranger of the Frontier in the Washington Co, PA, Militia.
c. Soldier who received depreciation pay from the state.
d. pvt, Capt Ezekial Ross' Comp, Westmoreland Co, Militia, Col
William Crawford's Sandusky Expedition of 20 May 1782, recorded as Jacob HOGH.
Much of Jacob Hough's background is concealed by variations in
name spelling and pronunciation. Descendants in the Westmoreland Co area
pronounced his name to rhyme with oak or spoke. Sometimes it was even confused
with HAWK. It was spelled HAUCH, HAUCK, HAAG, HAUGH, HAUK; but it was rarely
confused with HUFF or HOFF. Apparently the families who moved from Frederick
Co, MD, spoke and wrote in German. Some even kept diaries of their move, and
these were in German. They established churches as they settled, and these
churches changed over to English about 1850, two generations after Jacob and
died. Apparently Jacob became HOUGH when he was recorded by others who spoke
English and knew the HOUGH name. Phonetically, he remained "HOAK" or "HAWK."
Some of his descendants adopted the phonetic HOAF or HOE, but very few ever
adopted HUFF or HOFF.
Jacob HOUGH and his sons were successful in farming, milling, and
distilling. To market what they were able to grow, they found it advantageous
to convert their corn to whiskey. This caused conflict with authorities, and
Jacob and his sons were involved in the Whiskey Rebellion. By family tradition,
there were nine ch, but only eight were mentioned in the Jacob Hough will:
1. Jacob (14 Apr 1768
MD or PA -
30 Dec 1821
Colerain twp, Ross Co, OH) md Louvice (or Louisa) AUGENSTEIN and moved by 1807
to Ross Co, OH. Their ch were Jacob; Katherine; George; John; Abraham; Isaac;
Casper; Elizabeth; and Joseph. Most of these families show up in Ross Co, OH,
but some moved west with the advancing frontier.
2. John George (1770 MD or PA - ) poss md Polly WALTZ ( ), but
records show his wife to have been
. Ch may incl John George; Jacob; Elizabeth;
3. Paul (16 Nov 1771
MD or PA -
2 Oct 1842
PA) md Catherine WYGLE. They lived for some time in OH but returned to
Westmoreland Co, PA. Their ch were Mary; Abraham; William; Margaret; Elizabeth;
Jacob; John; Paul; Catherine; Joseph; David Wygle; Charlotte; Daniel; and Sarah
4. David (27 Feb 1774
PA - 3 Mar 1858 Fayette Co, PA) md (1) Barbaretta AUBLE and in 1805 settled on
the Little Redstone River in Fayette Co. Their ch were Elizabeth; Henry; Mary;
Joseph; Abraham; David; Charlotte; Paul; Margaret; William; Martha; and Sarah.
Later David md (2) Mrs. Eva (SCHRAUGER) BRYAN, and (3) Mrs. RITER. There were
no more ch.
5. Joseph (29 Mar 1780 PA - 7 Dec 1846 PA) md Magdalena WALTZ and
lived in Fayette Co. Ch were Daniel; Sarah H.; John; Mariah; Solomon; Joseph;
Jacob; Charlotte; David; and Paul.
6. Solomon ( 1782 PA - after 1845, prob. PA) md Susan RHODES and
live in Westmoreland Co until after 1840. He was known as Big Sol, to
distinguish him from his nephew. After 1845, he was guardian of some of this
brother Peter's ch. He may have had ch named David and Lucinda, but his family
is not well defined.
7. Peter (2 Nov 1784 PA - 7 July 1845 PA) md (1) Eva AUBLE and
had George; Daniel; William; Joseph; John W.; Jacob; and Lewis G. Peter md (2)
Catherine SMITH and they had Kesiah; Sarah; Lavinia; David; and Charlotte.
Peter stayed in Westmoreland Co.
8. Eva (11 June 1787
30 Nov 1870)
md Nicholas SNYDER and had seven ch. They lived in Westmoreland Co, and
possibly Fayette Co. (On the 1850 census, Eva was recorded as born in Bucks Co,
PA. This is likely a mistake, as Jacob HOFE already had his land grant in
Westmoreland Co at that time. She was likely born on that land grant; however,
her family was not recorded there for the 1790 census.)
9. Abraham ( ), not mentioned in his father's will and presumed
to have died young.
Descendants have maintained that Jacob and Charlotte are buried
at Zion Graveyard, originally known as the
SchwabsChurch, later the
Zion. The church was organized in 1789, and English was introduced in
1858. Settlers may have come from "Das Schwaben land" in
The best available information strongly suggests that Jacob
Hough's parents were in Frederick Co, MD, as HAUGH or HAWK. None of the other
proposed lineages which link Jacob Hough with Hough or Huff or Haff families
stand up under scrutiny. The phonetic heritage of "Hoak" or "Hoaf" is far
closer to the family origin than the incidental spelling and recording of
German-speaking Jacob's name by others who were English speaking. Even Elmer
Hough suggested that census information on near relatives was concealed under
spellings of Houk or Houke.
Lineage is Jacob HOUGH and Charlotte (SMITH) of MD and PA;
Elmer Hough, The Hough Genealogy, 1936.
1774-1786 Bedford Co, PA,
twp, Jacob Hough paid taxes except for 1780, 1781, and 1782. He may have been
in military service or otherwise away from the area.
1785 Westmoreland Co, PA, Jacob HOFE received a land grant of 150
2 June 1785.
Land was called "Jacob's Retreat." (Warrants of Land, PA Archives, 3rd Series,
Vol 26). (Also recorded in Patent Book P, Vol 4, p 264)
1786 Westmoreland Co, PA, Jacob HOUK received 300 acres of land.
(This may be a different person.)
1790 Bedford Co, PA, possibly Jacob Hufe
(indexed as Huse). (This may be a different person.) (It seems far more likely
that Jacob was already in Westmoreland Co on his own land grant by 1790, and
that he was simply missed or wrongly recorded in 1790.)
1800 Westmoreland Co, PA,
twp, Jacob Hough, 01101-00001
1803 Westmoreland Co, PA,
twp, Jacob Hough will of
19 Mar 1803,
26 Oct 1806.
Father: JOSEPH (SR.) HOUGH b:
20 FEB 1722/23
Mother: ANN b: 1722
Marriage 1 CHARLOTTE SMITH b: 1747 in
Married: 1767 in
 ABRAHAM HOUGH
 JACOB (JR.) HOUGH b: 14 APR 1768 in
WESTMORELAND COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA
 JOHN GEORGE HOUGH b: 1770 in
 PAUL HOUGH b:
16 NOV 1771
 DAVID HOUGH b:
27 FEB 1774
 JOSEPH HOUGH b:
30 MAY 1780
 EVE HOUGH b:
6 NOV 1781
 PETER HOUGH b:
4 JAN 1785
 SOLOMON HOUGH b:
14 OCT 1787
From: "Allen D. McCrady" <email@example.com>
To: "Al Hart" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Re: Hough Family
Sun, 24 Oct
May I respectfully point out that the reference you cited placed
the birth in
WestmorelandCounty, and certainly not in anyTwp.
Looking at a history of
will clear this up.You might look
area at about this time. You should consult the records as to when which
counties were legislated.In early
there were only three counties. I have found the Jacob Hough property on the
patent map (#47,
WestmorelandCounty. It is property number 33 in grid block 327.The
map shows that a portion of the land projects into
SouthHuntingdonTownship, neighboring to the west. This might explain why Jacob is listed
in both townships at different times. The map shows the patent being granted in
1785. If I were you I would apply to the proper authorities in
for a copy of the original application for the warrant and patent for this
property. It might reveal any prior claims.Allen
From: "Allen D. McCrady" <email@example.com>
To: "Albert Douglass Hart, Jr." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Jacob Hough
Sun, 24 Oct
Dear Mr. Hart, I was a little hurried at the time I wrote my last
message to you. I had better explain my reasoning, as it might lead you to do
further research in the original records.
1. Jamie Simcox email@example.com does not state that Jacob
was born in
in 1742. She states that he was born in
Pennsylvania; elsewhere she cites information leading to his being born in
Maryland. Reading more of the citations, one finds the words "on
that bears... his name."Reading
further the source makes it plain that the Indian Chief Jacob was the honoree.
Jamie's sources further state that he lived and owned land in
BedfordCounty, and that the
tax roles have him paying taxes there until 1786. As the Westmoreland county
patent information has him getting a patent in 1785, this fits.He
, sells his property and a year later the tax roles show someone else's name.
All of which tell me he was notborn in
WestmorelandCounty, and he probably was not married there either. Ms. Simcox's
information is in the form of "Pennsylvania
Maryland" for this marriage.I
have no reason to doubt either
Bedford , Maryland
or anyplace in the east , but West. Penna..?Remember
the French and Indian War - Braddock losing
Ft.Duquesne's battle in 1755- the Treaty ending it in 1763.
was not constituted until (memory dims) 1773, and it included almost all of
(boundary between Fayette and
is Jacob's Creek),was cut out in
1783. The point of all this is that in 1742 Jacob's Creek belonged to Jacob.
Jacob the Indian, not Jacob the German, that is.
You have a date for a deed (or an assignment maybe) from one
to Jacob. If it was recorded (and you believe it was done), where was it
recorded? It seems to me that this might throw a lot of light on the subject. I
doknow that the patent of 1785 can
be found in
in the Pennsylvania Archives and a copy purchased for $10-15.This might lead to
an earlier transaction cited in the recitation of the patent proceedings. Give
it a try. If you have any further questions, let me know. I leave you with one
thought- always believe the original records and not someone’s untested
on-line info. Well, maybe two thoughts.If a fact is historically impossible, it's probably wrong. Best wishes,Allen
Do you remember the game we used to play when we were kids? We'd
all sit down in a line and the first person would whisper something (anything)
to the next person. Each person would repeat to the next what he thoughthe
heard down the line. The last person recited the message to the first. It never
was the same!
read a posting on the Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania list. I am working in
this area 1778-1822.The posting
led me to Hart's site.I didn't get
much beyond the first page of his site. On that page I found four instances of
unlikely facts and a contradiction. I tried to point out these items to Mr.
Hart. His answer- 1.Most of the material he displayed came from you.2.
He'd change his facts if I quoted him "specifics".
I looked at your material. I think I found at least the source of
the errors. In one case you were misinterpreted. In another , he left out an
"or" and picked a fact arbitrarily which I believe to be an impossibility. In
another, he left a contradiction unobserved and unresolved.Finally,
where he mentioned a deed having been recorded, he did not cite volume, page,
office, county, or physicallocation
of the record.I believe if you
were to do some research of the records you might come to the same conclusions
as I did. And just think, if the person from whom you copied is still alive,
you can correct him!
Item 1. Place of Jacob Hough's birth.In
one place in your material you place it in "Pennsylvania". Another has it "Pennsylvania
Maryland" . In absence of good proof, I would say, "unknown, probably
orMaryland." Mr. Hart has it as
Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.
First of all, in 1742 there was no
WestmorelandCounty. Secondly, this was 13 years before the French and Indian Wars.
The only white man on Jacob's Creek, much less a white woman,in
1742 was a very, very fast runner.
Item 2. Jacob's death date. Mr. Hart quotes two . Both can not be
correct. Only in
does a man die more than once. Mr. Hart cites a date "when the will was
proved". If the Probate Records can be searched, the correct date must be at
least one day before the will was "proved". This leaves out any date after the
date of probate.Item 3. Mr. Hart cites as a fact that Jacob's Creek was named after Hough.In
your material you state that Jacob Hough's first name was the same as the
Creek's. This is a long way from saying that it was named after him. As a
matter of fact, several histories of the area cite an Indian, Chief Jacob, for
the honor. The Creek was known as Jacob's Creek long before Hough left
Bedford.I located the Jacob
Hough property in
on the warrantee/patentee map.It
shows the patent for it was granted in 1786 . Details can be bought from
at the Pennsylvania Archives. Frankly, I decline to spend the money to verify
this record.If you or Mr. Hart
wish to know more about the process of obtaining a warrant (original deed )
from the Penns or the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,
give me a mail address and I'll send you a mini paper on the subject.Best
to you both. Allen D. McCrady
I read the Max Huff material. He is a good researcher, and I have
no quarrel with anything he says.He even gives the information necessary to find the patent I referred to!Now,
if you stick with what he says and avoid comments like "Jacobs name is the same
as the Creek" and silliness like "Jacob was born in 1742 in Westmoreland Co.",
you'll be fine.If you'll send me a
snail mail address I'll send the paper.Best to you both. AllenP. S. I note that he
says nothing about a deed from
in 1782. If I was more than curious, I'd look in the Recorder of Deeds of
Bedford County, Pa. for this deed. It might turn out that Jacob came from
Maryland to Bedford sometime before 1782, bought the property that he was taxed
for up until 1786 in Bedford and then moved to Westmoreland in 1784-5.This
is likely because: 1. He apparently was one of a group from the
area that joined the Pa. Militia and ended up in this part of
See patents for
Gardner, Van Meter, Teal, in Rostraver, Huntingdon Twps., all comrades in
arms inskirmishes on the Frontier.
2. Settlers had the habit of going out in advance of their whole families
(taking maybe the older boys), clearing the land and building the cabin, then
sending for the wife and rest of the children.Bedford
was safe from Indians 1775- Westmoreland, not.You
might forward this to Max Huff if he is still alive.
October 28, 2004
Subject: Jacob Hough
I received a copy of an email that you wrote to Albert Douglas
Hart, Jr. and which you sent to me also. Yes I have a couple of discrepancies
but am working on that.......have been very busy lately to fix any
discrepancies in my tree. I do not understand why Albert didn't email me
personally about Jacob Hough. The person I received the information from was
Max Huff, he has Jacob's notes and sources documented well. If you have any
additional information you would like to add I would be glad to see it. Jacob
Hough was my ancestor. Are you descended from him also? Hope to hear back from