of the West Franks Family Genealogy
of the West Franks Family Genealogy

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Details for of the West Franks Family
  See Descendency Chart for direct line to the Hart Family
  Ancestry.com users - See of the West Franks Family Tree for individual charts.
1. King Clodius II of the West Franks - also known as: Clodie - was born before 0006 and died in 0020 .

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Marcomir III of the West Franks was born before 0020 and died in 0050 . See #2. below.
----- Second Generation -----
2. King Marcomir III of the West Franks - was born before 0020 and died in 0050 . He was the son of King Clodius II of the West Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Clodemir of the West Franks was born before 0050 and died in 0063 . See #3. below.
----- Third Generation -----
3. King Clodemir of the West Franks - was born before 0050 and died in 0063 . He was the son of King Marcomir III of the West Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Antenor IV of the West Franks was born before 0063 and died in 0069 . See #4. below.
----- Fourth Generation -----
4. King Antenor IV of the West Franks - was born before 0063 and died in 0069 . He was the son of King Clodemir of the West Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Rathberius of the Franks was born before 0069 and died in 0090 . See #5. below.
----- Fifth Generation -----
5. King Rathberius of the Franks - was born before 0069 and died in 0090 . He was the son of King Antenor IV of the West Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Richemer of the Franks was born before 0090 and died in 0114 . See #6. below.
----- Sixth Generation -----
6. King Richemer of the Franks - was born before 0090 and died in 0114 . He was the son of King Rathberius of the Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Odomir of the Franks was born before 0114 and died in 0128 . See #7. below.
----- Seventh Generation -----
7. King Odomir of the Franks - was born before 0114 and died in 0128 . He was the son of King Richemer of the Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Marcomir of the Franks IV was born before 0128 and died in 0149 . See #8. below.
----- Eighth Generation -----
8. King Marcomir of the Franks IV - was born before 0128 and died in 0149 . He was the son of King Odomir of the Franks.
King Marcomir married Princess Althildis of the Britains in 0129. Princess Althildis was born before 0125, lived in Britain. She is the daughter of King Colius "old King Coel" of the Britains.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Clodomir IV of the Franks was born about 0129 and died in 0166 . See #9. below.
----- Ninth Generation -----
9. King Clodomir IV of the Franks - was born about 0129 and died in 0166 . He was the son of King Marcomir of the Franks IV and Princess Althildis of the Britains.
King Clodomir married Princess Hafilda of the Rugij. Princess Hafilda was born about 0106. .
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Farabert of the Franks was born about 0122, lived in Austrasia, France and died in 0186 . See #10. below.
----- Tenth Generation -----
10. King Farabert of the Franks - was born about 0122, lived in Austrasia, France and died in 0186 . He was the son of King Clodomir IV of the Franks and Princess Hafilda of the Rugij.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Sunno of the Franks was born about 0137, lived in Austrasia, France and died in 0213 . See #11. below.
----- Eleventh Generation -----
11. King Sunno of the Franks - also known as: Huano - was born about 0137, lived in Austrasia, France and died in 0213 . He was the son of King Farabert of the Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Hilderic of the Franks was born before 0212 and died in 0253 . See #12. below.
----- Twelth Generation -----
12. King Hilderic of the Franks - was born before 0212 and died in 0253 . He was the son of King Sunno of the Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Bartherus of the Franks was born about 0238 and died in 0272 . See #13. below.
----- Thirteenth Generation -----
13. King Bartherus of the Franks - was born about 0238 and died in 0272 . He was the son of King Hilderic of the Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Clodius III of the Franks was born before 0264 and died in 0298 . See #14. below.
----- Fourteenth Generation -----
14. King Clodius III of the Franks - was born before 0264 and died in 0298 . He was the son of King Bartherus of the Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Walter of the Franks was born about 0215 and died in 0306 . See #15. below.
----- Fifteenth Generation -----
15. King Walter of the Franks - was born about 0215 and died in 0306 . He was the son of King Clodius III of the Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Duke Dagobert of East Franks was born about 0230 in Germany and died in 0317 . See #16. below.
----- Sixteenth Generation -----
16. Duke Dagobert of East Franks - was born about 0230 in Germany and died in 0317 . He was the son of King Walter of the Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Duke Genebald of theFranks was born about 0354 in France and died about 0419 in Germany . See #17. below.
ii.  King Clodomir of the Franks IV was born about 0251 in Germany and died in 0337 . See #18. below.
----- Seventeenth Generation -----
17. Duke Genebald of theFranks - was born about 0354 in France and died about 0419 in Germany . He was the son of Duke Dagobert of East Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Queen Argotta of the Franks was born about 0376 in France.
Queen Argotta married King Pharamond of France in 0394. King Pharamond was born about 0370 in Westphalia, Germany. He was the son of Duke Marcomir of the Franks. He died in 0427/0430 .
See King Pharamond of France below for children.
ii.  Duke Dagobert of East Franks was born about 0300 in Germany and died in 0379 . See #19. below.
18. King Clodomir of the Franks IV - was born about 0251 in Germany and died in 0337 . He was the son of Duke Dagobert of East Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Richimir was born in France and died in 0350 .
Richimir married Hastila. Hastila , lived in Franks. She died in 0360 .
----- Eighteenth Generation -----
19. Duke Dagobert of East Franks - was born about 0300 in Germany and died in 0379 . He was the son of Duke Genebald of theFranks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Duke Clodius of East Franks was born in 0324 in Germany and died in 0389 . See #20. below.
----- Nineteenth Generation -----
20. Duke Clodius of East Franks - was born in 0324 in Germany and died in 0389 . He was the son of Duke Dagobert of East Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Duke Marcomir of the Franks was born about 0347, lived in Germany and died in 0404 . See #21. below.
----- Twentieth Generation -----
21. Duke Marcomir of the Franks - was born about 0347, lived in Germany and died in 0404 . He was the son of Duke Clodius of East Franks.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Pharamond of France was born about 0370 in Westphalia, Germany and died in 0427/0430 . See #22. below.
----- Twenty First Generation -----
22. King Pharamond of France - was born about 0370 in Westphalia, Germany and died in 0427/0430 . He was the son of Duke Marcomir of the Franks.
King Pharamond married Queen Argotta of the Franks in 0394. Queen Argotta was born about 0376 in France. She is the daughter of Duke Genebald of theFranks.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Clodion "Le Chevelu" of France was born about 0395 in Westphalia, Germany and died in 0447/0449 . See #23. below.
----- Twenty Second Generation -----
23. King Clodion "Le Chevelu" of France - was born about 0395 in Westphalia, Germany and died in 0447/0449 . He was the son of King Pharamond of France and Queen Argotta of the Franks.
King Clodion married Princess Basnia of the Thuringians about 0414 in France. Princess Basnia was born in 0398, lived in Thuringia, Germany. .
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Merovee of France was born about 0415, lived in Salic, France and died in 0457/0458 . See #24. below.
ii.  Bishop Sigmaerus of Auvergne I was born about 0419 in Westphalia, Germany. See #25. below.
----- Twenty Third Generation -----
24. King Merovee of France - was born about 0415, lived in Salic, France and died in 0457/0458 . He was the son of King Clodion "Le Chevelu" of France and Princess Basnia of the Thuringians.
King Merovee married Queen Verica. Queen Verica was born about 0415 in Westphalia, Germany.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Childeric of France I was born in 0436 in Westphalia, Germany and died on 26 Nov 0481/0484 . See #26. below.
25. Bishop Sigmaerus of Auvergne I - was born about 0419 in Westphalia, Germany. He is the son of King Clodion "Le Chevelu" of France and Princess Basnia of the Thuringians.
Bishop Sigmaerus married Miss /Totantius/. Miss /Totantius/ was born about 0429, lived in Rome, Rome, Italy. She is the daughter of Ferreolus Totantius.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Duke Ferreolus of Moselle was born about 0465 in Moselle, Austrasia, France. See #27. below.
----- Twenty Fourth Generation -----
26. King Childeric of France I - was born in 0436 in Westphalia, Germany and died on 26 Nov 0481/0484 . He was the son of King Merovee of France.
King Childeric married Princess Basina of the Thuringians in 0463/0465 in Germany. Princess Basina was born about 0438, lived in Thuringia, Germany. She was the daughter of Basine de Saxe. She died after 0470 .
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Clovis I "The Great" of France was born about 0467 in France and died on 27 Nov 0511 in Paris, France and was buried in Saint Denis Basilique, Paris, France. . See #28. below.
ii.  Andelfieda Meroving died on 30 Apr 0535 .
Andelfieda married Theodoric Ostrogoths in Rheims,Marne,Loire-Atlantique,France. Theodoric was born about 0454 in Verona, Italy. He was the son of Theodemir Ostrogoths. He died on 30 Aug 0526 .
See Ostrogoths family for children.
27. Duke Ferreolus of Moselle - was born about 0465 in Moselle, Austrasia, France. He is the son of Bishop Sigmaerus of Auvergne I.
Duke Ferreolus married Duchess Outeria of Moselle. Duchess Outeria was born in 0504 in Moselle, Austrasia, France.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Senator Ausbert of Moselle was born about 0536 in Old Saxony, Germany and died about 0570 . See #29. below.
----- Twenty Fifth Generation -----
28. King Clovis I "The Great" of France - also known as: The Great - was born about 0467 in France and died on 27 Nov 0511 in Paris, France and was buried in Saint Denis Basilique, Paris, France. . He was the son of King Childeric of France I and Princess Basina of the Thuringians.
King Clovis married Queen Clotilde of France about 0492/0493 in France. Queen Clotilde was born about 0475 in Bourgogne, France. She was the daughter of King Chilperic de Bourgogne. She died on 3 Jun 0548 in Tours, France .
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Clotaire "The Old" of France I was born about 0497 in Reims, Neustria and died on 23 Nov 0561 in Braines, France . See #30. below.
Image of King Clovis I of France

King Clovis I of France


top most person in image
(Click here to view full size image.)
29. Senator Ausbert of Moselle - also known as: The Senator - was born about 0536 in Old Saxony, Germany and died about 0570 . He was the son of Duke Ferreolus of Moselle and Duchess Outeria of Moselle.
Senator Ausbert married Queen Berthe Aldeberge of Kent. Queen Berthe was born about 0541, lived in Paris, Seine, France. She was the daughter of King Charlibert I of Paris and Queen Ingoberge of Paris. She died in 0580 .
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Arnoldus of Saxony was born about 0562 in Old Saxony, Germany and died in 0601 . See #31. below.
----- Twenty Sixth Generation -----
30. King Clotaire "The Old" of France I - also known as: "The Old" - was born about 0497 in Reims, Neustria and died on 23 Nov 0561 in Braines, France . He was the son of King Clovis I "The Great" of France and Queen Clotilde of France.
King Clotaire married Queen Ingonde of France in 0517 in France. Queen Ingonde was born about 0499 in Thuringa.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Charlibert I of Paris was born in 0520, lived in Paris, Seine, France and died on 7 May 0570 . See #32. below.
31. Arnoldus of Saxony - was born about 0562 in Old Saxony, Germany and died in 0601 . He was the son of Senator Ausbert of Moselle and Queen Berthe Aldeberge of Kent.
Arnoldus married Dode of Heristal. Dode was born about 0556 in Herisal, Liege, belgium. She died after 0611 .
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Bishop Arnoul "de Heristal" of Metz was born on 13 Aug 0582 in Herisal, Liege, belgium and died on 16 Aug 0640/0641 . See #33. below.
ii.  Itte of Landen was born about 0591, lived in Landen, Liege, Belgium and died in 0652 .
Itte married Mayor Pepin "The Old" of Austrasia. Mayor Pepin was born in 0564, lived in Landen, Liege, Belgium. He was the son of Mayor Carloman of Austrasia. He died in 0639 .
See of Austrasia family for children.
----- Twenty Seventh Generation -----
32. King Charlibert I of Paris - was born in 0520, lived in Paris, Seine, France and died on 7 May 0570 . He was the son of King Clotaire "The Old" of France I and Queen Ingonde of France.
King Charlibert married Queen Ingoberge of Paris. Queen Ingoberge was born about 0520, lived in Paris, Seine, France. She died in 0589 .
  Then King Charlibert married Chunsene.

King Charlibert - not married to Ingoberge.
Children with Queen Ingoberge of Paris (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Queen Berthe Aldeberge of Kent was born about 0541, lived in Paris, Seine, France and died in 0580 .
Queen Berthe married Senator Ausbert of Moselle. Senator Ausbert was born about 0536 in Old Saxony, Germany. He was the son of Duke Ferreolus of Moselle and Duchess Outeria of Moselle. He died about 0570 .
See Senator Ausbert of Moselle below for children.
Children with Chunsene (Quick Family Chart)
ii.  Chilperic Soissons I was born in 0523 and died Sep 0584 . See #34. below.
33. Bishop Arnoul "de Heristal" of Metz - also known as: St. Arnoul - was born on 13 Aug 0582 in Herisal, Liege, belgium and died on 16 Aug 0640/0641 . He was the son of Arnoldus of Saxony and Dode of Heristal.
Bishop Arnoul married Oda de Savoy about 0606. Oda was born about 0586 in Old Saxony. She died after 0615 .
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Mayor Ansigisen Austrasia was born about 0602 in Austrasia, France and died in 0685 in Andene Monastery . See #35. below.
----- Twenty Eighth Generation -----
34. Chilperic Soissons I - was born in 0523 and died Sep 0584 . He was the son of King Charlibert I of Paris.
Chilperic married Fredegonde Earlin in 0568. Fredegonde was born in 0543. She was the daughter of Brunulphe Earlin and Crotechilde de Ostrogoths. She died in 0598 .
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Clothaire Meroving II was born Jun 0584 and died on 28 Sep 0628 . See #36. below.
35. Mayor Ansigisen Austrasia - was born about 0602 in Austrasia, France and died in 0685 in Andene Monastery . He was the son of Bishop Arnoul "de Heristal" of Metz and Oda de Savoy.
Mayor Ansigisen married St. Beggue of Landen before 0634. St. Beggue was born about 0613, lived in Landen,Liege,Belgium. She was the daughter of Mayor Pepin "The Old" of Austrasia and Itte of Landen. She died in 0694 .
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Mayor Pepin "The Younger" D'Heristal was born about 0635, lived in Heristal,Liege,Belgium and died on 16 Dec 0071 in Jupile on the,Junille,Meuse,France . See #37. below.
----- Twenty Ninth Generation -----
36. Clothaire Meroving II - was born Jun 0584 and died on 28 Sep 0628 . He was the son of Chilperic Soissons I and Fredegonde Earlin.
Clothaire married Haldetrude de Burgandy. She is the daughter of Richemeres von Franconia and Garritrude de Hamge.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Dagobert de Austrasie I was born in 0602 and died in 0639 . See #38. below.
37. Mayor Pepin "The Younger" D'Heristal - was born about 0635, lived in Heristal,Liege,Belgium and died on 16 Dec 0071 in Jupile on the,Junille,Meuse,France . He was the son of Mayor Ansigisen Austrasia and St. Beggue of Landen.
Mayor Pepin married Concubine Aupais Heristal Alpaide about 0675 in Not Married. Concubine Aupais was born about 0654, lived in Heristal,Liege,Belgium. She died in Orplegrandmonast,Brabant,Vosges,France .

Mayor Pepin - Mayor of the Palace of AUSTRASIA.
 
Pepin II (also called Pippin, or Pepin of Heristal) (died 714), duke of the Franks; as leader of nobles of Austrasia (e. part of kingdom of Franks), gained great victory over Neustria (w. part of kingdom) at battle of Tertry 687, which made him master of the Frankish kingdoms; subdued Frisians and Alemanni; son of Pepin of Landen and father of Charles Martel.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia Charles Martel was born about 0676, lived in Heristal,Liege,Belgium and died on 22 Oct 0741 in Quierzy,Aisne,France . See #39. below.
----- Thirtieth Generation -----
38. Dagobert de Austrasie I - was born in 0602 and died in 0639 . He was the son of Clothaire Meroving II and Haldetrude de Burgandy.
Dagobert married Gomatrude de Austrasie.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Regintrude de Austrasie
Regintrude married Theodo Baveria II.
See Baveria family for children.
39. Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia Charles Martel - was born about 0676, lived in Heristal,Liege,Belgium and died on 22 Oct 0741 in Quierzy,Aisne,France . He was the son of Mayor Pepin "The Younger" D'Heristal and Concubine Aupais Heristal Alpaide.
Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia Charles married Swanhilde Carolingian. .
  Then Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia Charles married Duchess Rotrude of Austrasia. Duchess Rotrude was born about 0690 in Moselle, Austrasia, France. She was the daughter of Bishop Leutwinus of Treves. She died in 0724 .

Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia Charles - became Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia when his father, Pepin II, died in 714. That year he was imprisoned by his step-mother Plectudis, but escaped later in the year to lead the Austrasian and Neustrian nobles. The next year, the new King Chilperic II refused to act as a puppet to the nobles, and was backed by the Aquitaine duke Eudo, who was by then semi-independent from Frankish sovergnty. In 719, Charles defeated Eudo and took Chilperic hostage. Eudo's terms for mercy were that Chilperic would be recognized as sole ruler of the Franks, and the Charles would control all royal offices (i.e. as Mayor). Eudo had no other choice but to accept. In 720, Chilperic II died, Theuderic IV became king, Charles was stripped of his positions, Eudo was able to attain full independence, and Charles was preoccupied with pushing back Saxon invaders across the Rhine.
 
CHARLES MARTEL (688?-741). In 732 Charles Martel and his barbarian Frankish army fought a battle near Tours, France, that affected the history of Europe. Their foes were inspired Muslim, or Saracen, troops who were bent on world conquest for the religion of Islam. In a hundred years the Saracens had established a vast empire that stretched from Persia (now Iran) westward across northern Africa. They had gained a foothold in Europe by taking Spain. As they advanced into the region that is now France, the fate of Christian Europe hung in the balance. Charles met the Muslim forces between Poitiers and Tours. In a fierce and bloody battle the Muslims were defeated and their leader killed. In later campaigns Charles drove them back into Spain. His vigorous blows earned him the nickname Martel, from a French word meaning "hammer." This forceful leader never became king of the Franks. As mayor of the palace under ineffectual Merovingian kings, however, he was the true ruler. He increased the influence of the Frankish kingdom in wars against the Alemanni, Bavarians, and Saxons. These and other Germanic tribes had overrun Europe when the Roman Empire crumbled. Only the Franks established a permanent kingdom. Charles aided St. Boniface and other missionaries in spreading Christianity and civilization among the barbarians. He strengthened the hold of the kingdom over the powerful nobles and bishops who sought to set up independent rule in their districts. He distributed land to his nobles to gain their loyalty and service as warriors. Charles prepared the way for his son, Pepin the Short, to gain the Frankish throne. Together they laid the foundation for the reign of Pepin's son Charlemagne.
Children with Swanhilde Carolingian (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Aldane "- or Aude" was born about 0732, lived in Swabia,,Germany.
Aldane married Thierry Auton. Thierry was born about 0730, lived in Narbonne,,France.
See Auton family for children.
Children with Duchess Rotrude of Austrasia (Quick Family Chart)
ii.  King Pepin I "The Short" of France was born in 0714 in Austria and died on 24 Sep 0768 in St. Denis, France . See #40. below.
iii.  Barnard
iv.  Prince Carloman of France was born about 0712 in Austrasia and died on 4 Dec 0755 in Cassinimonastery . See #41. below.
v.  Alda of Austrasia was born about 0732 and died before 0804 .
Alda married Count Theudric I of Autun. Count Theudric was born about 0730. He died after 0791 .
See of Autun family for children.
vi.  Landree de Hesbaye was born about 0720.
Landree married Sigrand de Hesbania. Sigrand was born about 0720. He is the son of Lambert de Hesbania.
See de Hesbania family for children.
----- Thirty First Generation -----
40. King Pepin I "The Short" of France - was born in 0714 in Austria and died on 24 Sep 0768 in St. Denis, France . He was the son of Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia Charles Martel and Duchess Rotrude of Austrasia.
King Pepin married Countess Bertha "Greatfoot" of Laon about 0740. Countess Bertha was born in 0720 in Laon, Austrasia. She was the daughter of Count Claribert I of Laon and Countess Bertrada of Laon. She died on 12 Jul 0783 in Choisy, Bourgogne, France .

King Pepin - -when his father died in 741, Pepin III and his brother Carloman succeeded as joint Mayors of the Palace of Austrasia. In 746, Carloman abdicated and became a monk, leaving Pepin to rule all of Austrasia on his own.
 
In 750, Pepin received papal permission from Pope Zachary to take the Frankish crown from King Childeric III. In 751, Zachary formerly deposed Childeric, and Pepin became the first Caroliginian king of the Franks. In 753, Pope Stephen went to Gaul to affirm Pepin's crown. In 755, on Stephen's wishes, Pepin attacked the Lombards of Italy who were harrasing the Roman See, and peace was made. The next year, the Lombard king again marauded near Rome, was again defeated, and again made peace with Pepin. That year, Pepin promised the Church Frankish protection, thus breaking ties with the Eastern Empire that were only needed for Italian safety. In 760, Pepin and Duke Waifar of independent Aquitaine started a war which lasted many years.
 
In 764, both sides were tired, and the war took a one year break. Pepin launched a final campaign against Aquitaine in 766 with full force, Aquitaine was defeated, and Waifar and his family were executed. By 768, the year Pepin died, Aquitaine had been completely conquered.
 
Pepin III (also called Pippin, or Pepin the Short) (died 768), first Carolingian king of the Franks, son of Charles Martel and father of Charlemagne
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Emporer Charles Charlemagne was born on 2 Apr 0747 in Aix La Chapelle, Austrasia and died on 29 Jan 0813/0814 in Aix la Chapelle, France .

Emporer Charles - In 768, when Charlemagne was 26, he and his brother Carloman inherited the kingdom of the Franks. In 771 Carloman died, and Charlemagne became sole ruler of the kingdom. At that time the Franks were falling back into barbarian ways, neglecting their education and religion. The Saxons of northern Europe were still pagans. In the south, the Roman Catholic church was asserting its power to recover land confiscated by the Lombard kingdom of Italy. Europe was in turmoil.
 
CHARLEMAGNE (742?-814). "By the sword and the cross," Charlemagne (Charles the Great) became master of Western Europe. It was falling into decay when Charlemagne became joint king of the Franks in 768. Except in the monasteries, people had all but forgotten education and the arts. Boldly Charlemagne conquered barbarians and kings alike. By restoring the roots of learning and order, he preserved many political rights and revived culture. Charlemagne's grandfather was Charles Martel, the warrior who crushed the Saracens. Charlemagne was the elder son of Bertrade ("Bertha Greatfoot") and Pepin the Short, first "mayor of the palace" to become king of the Franks. Although schools had almost disappeared in the 8th century, historians believe that Bertrade gave young Charles some education and that he learned to read. His devotion to the church motivated him throughout life. Charlemagne was tall, powerful, and tireless. His secretary, Eginhard, wrote that Charlemagne had fair hair and a "face laughing and merry . . . his appearance was always stately and dignified." He had a ready wit, but could be stern. His tastes were simple and moderate. He delighted in hunting, riding, and swimming. He wore the Frankish dress--linen shirt and breeches, a silk-fringed tunic, hose wrapped with bands, and, in winter, a tight coat of otter or marten skins. Over all these garments "he flung a blue cloak, and he always had a sword girt about him." Charlemagne's character was contradictory. In an age when the usual penalty for defeat was death, Charlemagne several times spared the lives of his defeated foes; yet in 782 at Verden, after a Saxon uprising, he ordered 4,500 Saxons beheaded. He compelled the clergy and nobles to reform, but he divorced two of his four wives without any cause. He forced kings and princes to kneel at his feet, yet his mother and his two favorite wives often overruled him in his own household. Charlemagne Begins His Reign
 
Charlemagne was determined to strengthen his realm and to bring order to Europe. In 772 he launched a 30-year campaign that conquered and Christianized the powerful pagan Saxons in the north. He subdued the Avars, a huge Tatar tribe on the Danube. He compelled the rebellious Bavarian dukes to submit to him.
 
When possible he preferred to settle matters peacefully, however. For example, Charlemagne offered to pay the Lombard king Desiderius for return of lands to the pope, but, when Desiderius refused, Charlemagne seized his kingdom in 773 to 774 and restored the Papal States.
 
The key to Charlemagne's amazing conquests was his ability to organize. During his reign he sent out more than 50 military expeditions. He rode as commander at the head of at least half of them. He moved his armies over wide reaches of country with unbelievable speed, but every move was planned in advance. Before a campaign he told the counts, princes, and bishops throughout his realm how many men they should bring, what arms they were to carry, and even what to load in the supply wagons. These feats of organization and the swift marches later led Napoleon to study his tactics.
 
One of Charlemagne's minor campaigns has become the most famous. In 778 he led his army into Spain, where they laid siege to Saragossa. They failed to take the city, and during their retreat a group of Basques ambushed the rear guard at Roncesvalles and killed "Count Roland." Roland became a great hero of medieval songs and romances.
 
By 800 Charlemagne was the undisputed ruler of Western Europe. His vast realm covered what are now France, Switzerland, Belgium, and the Netherlands. It included half of present-day Italy and Germany, part of Austria, and the Spanish March ("border"). The broad March reached to the Ebro River. By thus establishing a central government over Western Europe, Charlemagne restored much of the unity of the old Roman Empire and paved the way for the development of modern Europe. Crowned Emperor
 
On Christmas Day in 800, while Charlemagne knelt in prayer in St. Peter's in Rome, Pope Leo III seized a golden crown from the altar and placed it on the bowed head of the king. The throng in the church shouted, "To Charles the August, crowned by God, great and pacific emperor, long life and victory!"
 
Charlemagne is said to have been surprised by the coronation, declaring that he would not have come into the church had he known the pope's plan. However, some historians say the pope would not have dared to act without Charlemagne's knowledge.
 
The coronation was the foundation of the Holy Roman Empire. Though Charlemagne did not use the title, he is considered the first Holy Roman emperor (see Holy Roman Empire). Reform and Renaissance Charlemagne had deep sympathy for the peasants and believed that government should be for the benefit of the governed. When he came to the throne, various local governors, called "counts," had become lax and oppressive. To reform them, he expanded the work of investigators, called missi dominici. He prescribed their duties in documents called capitularies and sent them out in teams of two--a churchman and a noble. They rode to all parts of the realm, inspecting government, administering justice, and reawakening all citizens to their civil and religious duties.
 
Twice a year Charlemagne summoned the chief men of the empire to discuss its affairs. In all problems he was the final arbiter, even in church issues, and he largely unified church and state.
 
Charlemagne was a tireless reformer who tried to improve his people's lot in many ways. He set up money standards to encourage commerce, tried to build a Rhine-Danube canal, and urged better farming methods. He especially worked to spread education and Christianity in every class of people.
 
He revived the Palace School at Aachen, his capital. He set up other schools, opening them to peasant boys as well as nobles.
 
Charlemagne never stopped studying. He brought an English monk, Alcuin, and other scholars to his court. He learned to read Latin and some Greek but apparently did not master writing. At meals, instead of having jesters perform, he listened to men reading from learned works.
 
To revive church music, Charlemagne had monks sent from Rome to train his Frankish singers. To restore some appreciation of art, he brought valuable pieces from Italy. An impressive monument to his religious devotion is the cathedral at Aachen, which he built and where he was buried.
 
At Charlemagne's death in 814 only one of his three sons, Louis, was living. Louis's weak rule brought on the rise of civil wars and revolts. After his death his three quarreling sons split the empire between them by the Partition of Verdun in 843.
See Charlemagne
family for continuation of family line.
Image of Charlemagne

Charlemagne



Image of Statute of Charlemagne, Notre-Dame, Paris

Statute of Charlemagne, Notre-Dame, Paris



(Click here to view full size image.)
41. Prince Carloman of France - was born about 0712 in Austrasia and died on 4 Dec 0755 in Cassinimonastery . He was the son of Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia Charles Martel and Duchess Rotrude of Austrasia.



Prince Carloman - - Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia 741-746
 
When his father died in 741, Pepin III and his brother Carloman succeeded as joing Mayors of the Palace of Austrasia. In 746, Carloman abdicated and became a monk, leaving Pepin to rule all of Austrasia on his own.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Count William of Toulouse was born about 0745, lived in Toulouse, Gascony. See #42. below.
ii.  Rotrude
Rotrude married Girard.
See Girard family for children.
----- Thirty Second Generation -----
42. Count William of Toulouse - was born about 0745, lived in Toulouse, Gascony. He is the son of Prince Carloman of France.

Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Queen Bertha of Toulouse was born about 0777, lived in Toulouse,Haute-Garonne,France.
Queen Bertha married King Pepin of Italy in 0795 in Toulouse, France. King Pepin was born Apr 0777, lived in Aachenn, Rhineland, Prussia. He was the son of Emporer Charles Charlemagne and Empress Hildegard of Savoy. He died on 8 Jul 0810 in Milan, Italy .
See Charlemagne family for children.

Last change (on this page): Monday, May 17, 2004
The Our Folk Genealogy Pages were compiled by Albert Douglass Hart, Jr. based on the original "Our Folk" compiled by Albert Thomas Hart in 1972 with help from Albert Douglass Hart Sr, Cara Hart and lots of other family members.

To report errors or omissions, request information or share sources or photos, Please send email to Albert Douglass Hart, Jr.