of Dunkeld Family Genealogy
of Dunkeld Family Genealogy

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Details for of Dunkeld Family
  See Descendency Chart for direct line to the Hart Family
  Ancestry.com users - See of Dunkeld Family Tree for individual charts.
1. Crinan of Dunkeld - was born about 0975 in Athoil, Perthshire, Scotland and died in 1045 in Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scotland .
Crinan married Princess Bethoc of Scotland about 1010 while living in Athoil, Perthshire, Scotland. Princess Bethoc was born about 0984, lived in Athoil, Perthshire, Scotland. She is the daughter of King Malcolm II Mackenneth of Scotland.

Crinan - was slain in 1045 near Dunkeld "with nine times twenty heroes" as he led an aborted attempt to put his grandson (Malcolm) on the throne
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Duncan I of Scotland was born about 1013, lived in Athoil, Perthshire, Scotland and died on 14 Aug 1040 in Iona, Near Elgin, Scotland (killed by Macbeth) . See #2. below.
----- Second Generation -----
2. King Duncan I of Scotland - was born about 1013, lived in Athoil, Perthshire, Scotland and died on 14 Aug 1040 in Iona, Near Elgin, Scotland (killed by Macbeth) . He was the son of Crinan of Dunkeld and Princess Bethoc of Scotland.
King Duncan married Sibyl Fitzsiward in 1030 in Scotland. Sibyl was born about 1014, lived in Northumberland, England. She was the daughter of Earl Seward of Northumberland. She died in 1040 .

King Duncan - - William Shakespeare wrote about him in "MacBeth" (Sources: - 1)
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King Malcolm III "Ceanmor (Longneck)" of Scotland was born about 1033, lived in Athoil, Perthshire, Scotland and died on 13 Nov 1093 in Alnwick, Northumberlandshire, England . See #3. below.
Image of Duncan Clan Badge

Duncan Clan Badge



----- Third Generation -----
3. King Malcolm III "Ceanmor (Longneck)" of Scotland - was born about 1033, lived in Athoil, Perthshire, Scotland and died on 13 Nov 1093 in Alnwick, Northumberlandshire, England . He was the son of King Duncan I of Scotland and Sibyl Fitzsiward.
King Malcolm married Queen Margaret of Scotland in 1067/1069 while living in Athoil, Perthshire, Scotland. Queen Margaret was born about 1042/1045, lived in Wessex, England. She was the daughter of Prince Edward "Atheling" of England and Princess Agatha Von Brunswick of England. She died on 16 Nov 1093 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Edinburgshire, Scotland .

Queen Margaret - spent much of her time and money on works of charity, herself attending on the poor, the aged, the orphans and the sick. She supervised the making of vestments and fine things for the church. She was an admirable mother. She solved the problem facing the church in the Scotland of her day. Cut off by pagan invasion, the Celtic church had come to differ on points of procedure with Rome, and it was Margaret's personal achievement to reconcile the conflicting elements by bringing the Celtic church in Scotland back to conformity. This she did in such a way as to avoid schism or bitterness.
 
Similarly, her efforts to introduce European culture into Scotland were markedly successful. Whereas in England the Norman Conquest left a legacy of bitterness, the comparatively peaceful infusion of medieval culture into Scotland under Margaret and her sons was effected in such a manner as to bring a veritable golden age to Scotland, that lasted for two hundred years after Margaret's death. She died in Edinburgh Castle, and died, like so many saints, at a time when all that she had worked for seemed lost; her husband was killed in battle and rebel forces were attacking Edinburgh. But three of her sons succeeding to the throne in turn, their mother's work was reinforced and brought to fullness.

King Malcolm - rebelled twice against MacBeth in an effort to gain the throne.
 
The second attempt was more successful as Malcolm, at the head of an English Saxon army defeated and killed MacBeth while his Norwegian allies were engaged elsewhere and Malcolm ascended the throne in 1057 as King Malcolm III Ceann Mor (Canmore).
 
During his 37 year reign, the first events now known as Highland Games were held on the Braes of Mar to choose the best available men to serve as his servants and soldiers. His death in battle in December 1093 and the death of his wife, several days later brought on a turbulent time which saw Malcolm's eldest son, King Duncan II murdered by Malcolm's brother Donald Bane, Lord of the Isles, in order to become king. Another son, Edgar, finally secured the throne in 1097 with the help of another English army of Saxons and Normans led by his mother's brother, Edgar Aetheling. King Malcolm III's hereditary possessions devolved on his youngest brother, Maelmare, the first celtic Earl of Atholl and on his death, the earldom passed to Malcolm III's namesake, the second son of his first marriage. This Malcolm, the younger brother of the slain King Duncan II is the recognised progenitor of the Clan.
 
(from The DUncan Clan - Scottish History Online) (Sources: - 1)
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Princess Matilda of Scotland was born about 1070/1080 in Dunfermine, Fifeshire, Scotland and died on 1 May 1118 in Westminster, Middlesex, England .
Princess Matilda married King Henry I "Beauclerc" of England on 11 Nov 1100 in England. King Henry was born in 1068 in Shelby, Yorkshire, England. He was the son of King Guillaume "Le Conquerant" de Normandie and Queen Matilda van Vlaanderen. He died Dec 1135 in St. Denis, Seine-St.Denis, France and was buried in Reading Abbey, Berkshire, England .

Princess Matilda - Daughter of the king of Scotland.
See of England family for children.
ii.  King David I "The Saint" of Scotland was born about 1080/1082, lived in Scotland and died on 24 May 1153 in Carlisle, Cumberland, Scotland . See #4. below.
iii.  Mary of Scotland was born about 1085 and died on 31 May 1116 .
Mary married Count Eustace III of Boulogne. Count Eustace was born about 1058. He was the son of Count Eustace II of Boulogne and Ida de Lorraine. He died in 1125 .
See of Boulogne family for children.
Image of Saint Margaret of Scotland

Saint Margaret of Scotland



----- Fourth Generation -----
4. King David I "The Saint" of Scotland - was born about 1080/1082, lived in Scotland and died on 24 May 1153 in Carlisle, Cumberland, Scotland . He was the son of King Malcolm III "Ceanmor (Longneck)" of Scotland and Queen Margaret of Scotland.
King David married Countess Matilda of Northumberland in 1113/1114 in Scotland. Countess Matilda was born about 1072, lived in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England. She was the daughter of Earl Waltheof of Northumberland and Judith of Boulogne. She died on 23 Apr 1130/1131 in Scone, Perthshire, Scotland .

Countess Matilda - Countess of Huntingdon and Northumberland.

King David -


 
When David's brother Edgar died in 1107, David became king of Southern Scotland (below the line of the Forth and Clyde). His brother Alexander I was unhappy at this arrangement but David had more knights than Alexander with which to defend his inheritance. After all, King Henry I had given David the "Honour of Huntingdon" (country manors in eleven counties), made him prince of Cumbria and married him to a widowed heiress of Northumberland.

 
When Alexander I died in 1124, David set off for Scotland, accompanied by many knights and courtiers from Norman England - many of whom became the future aristocrats and even kings of Scotland - including Bruce, Balliol and FitzAlan (who later became the Stewart kings). David established a feudal system in Scotland and introduced many novel ideas such as silver coinage, promoting education and giving audiences to rich and poor alike. Stirling, Perth and Dunfermline were made royal burghs which meant that they could engage in foreign trade. David also founded 15 religious houses, including the abbeys at Jedburgh, Kelso and Melrose.
 
His was a long and largely peaceful reign though he did have to deal with rebellions by the Earl of Moray in 1130 and the Bishop of the Isles in 1140. He also decided to take advantage of the death of Henry I and attempted to push the Scottish border further south. In 1138, at the Battle of the Standard near Northallerton, he did not follow up an attack by the Scottish knights and decided to leave the field of battle. While it was by no means a rout, the English army had clearly won the day. However, in 1139, under the Treaty of Durham, King Stephen of England not only recognised Scotland as an independent kingdom, but also ceded Northumbria. King David died peacefully on 24 May 1153, in Carlisle at the age of 69. He had ended his days gardening and tending orchards below Edinburgh Castle <../visit/blvisitedincastle.htm> and in Haddington. His only son Henry had died in 1152, so he was succeeded by his 12-year-old grandson, Malcolm IV.
 
(Famous Scots)
(Sources: - 2)
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Prince Henry of Scotland was born about 1114, lived in Northumberland, Scotland and died on 12 Jun 1152 in Scotland . See #5. below.
----- Fifth Generation -----
5. Prince Henry of Scotland - was born about 1114, lived in Northumberland, Scotland and died on 12 Jun 1152 in Scotland . He was the son of King David I "The Saint" of Scotland and Countess Matilda of Northumberland.
Prince Henry married Gundred de Warenne. Gundred was born about 1119, lived in Warwick, Warwickshire, England. She was the daughter of William de Warenne II and Isabel de Vermandois. She died about 1166 in Warwick, England .

Prince Henry - 4th Earl of Northumberland.
Children: (Quick Family Chart)
i.  King William I "the Lyon" of Scotland was born in 1143 and died on 2 Dec 1214 in Sterling,Stirlingshire,Scotland . See #6. below.
----- Sixth Generation -----
6. King William I "the Lyon" of Scotland - was born in 1143 and died on 2 Dec 1214 in Sterling,Stirlingshire,Scotland . He was the son of Prince Henry of Scotland and Gundred de Warenne.
King William married Isabel de Avenel. Isabel was born about 1143 in Scotland. She was the daughter of Richard Avenel. She died on 4 Dec 1214 in Sterling,Stirlingshire,Scotland .
  Then King William married Ermengarde de Beaumont. Ermengarde was born about 1170. She died on 11 Feb 1233 and was buried in Balmerino Abbey, Fife .

King William - The nickname "The Lion" was accorded to him after his death and may have been due either to his valour and strength in battle (though he was not always successful) or, more likely, to the heraldic symbol which he adopted - the red lion rampant on a yellow background - which has remained a royal symbol to this day.
 
William is known to have been planning another invasion of England to retake Northumberland early in the 13th century after King John came to the throne of England and there were a number of skirmishes along the border. But he eventually negotiated a treaty instead - he is said to have had a "divine warning" of the consequences of invasion. (Sources: - 3)
Children with Isabel de Avenel (Quick Family Chart)
i.  Aufrica of Scotland was born before 1160.
Aufrica married William de Saye. William was born before 1135. He was the son of William de Saye and Beatrix de Mandeville. He died before 1 Aug 1177 .
See de Saye family for children.
Children with Ermengarde de Beaumont (Quick Family Chart)
ii.  Marjory of Scotland was born about 1230 and died in 1259 .
Marjory married Gilbert de Clare. Gilbert was born on 12 Sep 1229 in Gloucestshire, England. He was the son of Earl of Gloucester Gilbert de Clare and Isabel Marshall. He died after 1241 .
See De Claire family for children.
Image of Heraldic Symbol of KIng William I

Heraldic Symbol of KIng William I


the red lion rampant on a yellow background - which has remained a royal symbol to this day
Sources:
1 The Duncan Clan Scottish History Online Web: http://www.scotshistoryonline.co.uk/dunclan.html
2 King David I Famous Scots (view detail...)
3 King William I - The Lion Famous Scots Web: http://www.rampantscotland.com/famous/blfamwilliamlion.htm

Last change (on this page): Tuesday, November 09, 2004
The Our Folk Genealogy Pages were compiled by Albert Douglass Hart, Jr. based on the original "Our Folk" compiled by Albert Thomas Hart in 1972 with help from Albert Douglass Hart Sr, Cara Hart and lots of other family members.

To report errors or omissions, request information or share sources or photos, Please send email to Albert Douglass Hart, Jr.